The project aims to find answers to the questions related to water shortage with synchronized data and methods on both side of the border by fundamental and applied research. A major objective is to determine water shortage conflicts on a local and regional level, and to reveal the frequency, extent and severity of future hydro-climatic hazards, to measure and monitor drought events, to model the short-term and long term changes of water resources at most affected areas, to develop plans and strategies to mitigate problems and finally to activate society and stakeholders for a common action in order to preserve one of the most important resources of our future: water. By the evaluation of biomass activity, the natural adaptation capacity of the region will be estimated.
The results and the outputs of the project will have a mid and long term effect on the sustainable environmental management of the region. The proposed complex research activity will shed light on the major principles of surface and subsurface water dynamics, which affect greatly the quantity and quality of available water resources. Major benefits can be expected from vulnerability assessment, landscape analysis, plans to increase ground water recharge and reserving some of the water appearing during inundation periods. The proposed actions and measures will provide a major benefit for agriculture, economy and environmental protection of the region, as these sectors are strongly dependant on the availability of suitable quantity and quality waters.
The target groups of the project are all institutions, companies and agencies related to water management in the CB region; local stake holders, primarily agricultural land owners; universities and other research institutes. Indirect target groups are those water management agencies, companies and authorities which are outside the programme area, as well as national parks. Finally, the project will contribute to the environmental awareness of people living in the CB region, and widen their perception in terms of quantitative and qualitative problems and conflicts related to water shortage in the future.
BioSense Center is responsible for estimation of water storage and vulnerability by evaluation using satellite images and spectral indices, drought indices by calculating biomass production and biomass activity. Also, one of the main tasks are modelling of runoff on low-relief catchments and land use conflict mapping. In-situ monitoring by use of a Sensor Network will provide detailed information on spatial and temporal change of soil moisture, ground water flow and water flow discharge on selected small catchments in the cross-border area.
Project Website: http://wahastrat.vizugy.hu/